Cherokee Enterprise Waters. What are they?
The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians’ Enterprise Waters, overseen by Fisheries & Wildlife Management, is a precious natural resource that consists of 30 miles of freestone streams connected to one another. These streams run through secluded forest settings, suburban roadside areas, and even the center of the town of Cherokee. Fishing opportunities exist for those interested in fishing our public fishing waters which are stocked throughout the year with various varieties of trout. Stocking occurs when favorable conditions exist.
When can I fish?
Throughout the year, fishing is allowed from one hour before sunrise to one hour after sunset. The daily limit is ten fish per day per permit holder. For those who are interested in experiencing fishing on the Reservation but wish to avoid the streams, three well-stocked ponds are located on Big Cove Road in front of the KOA Campground. A tribal permit is required to fish in the ponds and the same hours apply as for the streams.
Please note: The catch and keep enterprise waters now has an opening day again. The last Saturday in March will be opening day. The catch and keep fishing season will be closed two weeks prior to this date. The catch and release fly-fishing area is open year round.
What’s this about a permit?
A daily tribal fishing permit is required to fish in Cherokee streams and ponds for each person 12 years of age and over . Children under 12 are allowed to fish, free of charge, while accompanied by a permitted adult. Catch & Release special use permits are required in addition to the daily fishing permit for the 2.2 miles of fly-fishing section of the river. No other type of fishing license is required nor accepted on the Reservation. Many businesses in Cherokee are authorized outlets for fishing permits.
1-day permit $10.00
2-day permit $17.00
3-day permit $27.00
5-day permit $47.00
Annual Permit $250.00
1-3 Day Catch & Release Permit $25.00
Annual Catch & Release Permit $75.00
What types of fish are there? Meet your adversaries:
Regular stocking of streams is the responsibility of Cherokee Fisheries and Wildlife Management and occurs on a weekly basis during favorable conditions. Stocking adds nearly 250,000 trout to an existing population of fish swimming in our crystal-clear mountain waters. That’s the highest density of fish in stocked waters in the East. These supplemental stockings include rainbow, brook, and brown trout of various sizes ranging up to trophy size.
The only native trout found in these mountain waters, the “brookie” ranges between 6–18” when fully grown. It’s found in cold waters (bring your hip waders!), like those running through narrow streams. You’ll know it by its red spots and light red fins with white edges.
Don’t let the name fool you. This trout variety can be brown, but also olive, and often has green, orange, and red spots encircled in yellow or white. They like to live near fallen trees or boulders in large pools, and can be found under shaded banks. The big ones can reach 18–26”, weighing as much as 6–16 lbs.
The newest neighbor to our waters, goldens were spawned in 1954 and are uniquely prized as trophy fish. Known for their unmistakable bright golden hue, they’re similar in size and behavior to large browns and rainbows.
The most commonly found stocked fish in these waters, the rainbow displays a wide, lateral pink to red stripe on its side, dark olive on its back and light colors on its belly, and is speckled overall. It’s predominantly found in riffles and swift runs, as well as in open waters.
This stream-bred game fish can be found throughout the lower Oconaluftee River on Cherokee lands. Also known as “bronzebacks,” these wild fish are quick to take a lure or bait and are always ready to give you a very fun fight.
Where can I fish?
In designated public fishing areas.
I've caught a tagged fish at one of the tournaments. What do I do next?
For tribally hosted fishing tournaments, tagged fish (entire fish w/colored tag intact) may be turned in at the Natural Resources Enforcement Office located at 517 Sequoyah Trail, Cherokee, NC 28719. Located across the road from the Cherokee Welcome Center off of Hwy 441. Follow the yellow “Fishing Tournament” flags and/or “Tag Redemption” banners. Tag turn in times are from 4:00pm until 6:00pm each tournament day. Tags will not be accepted outside these times; no exceptions.
All potential winners must:
(1) Turn in tagged fish (entire fish w/colored tag intact). Colored tags are numerated with the tournament month and year. Colors vary from tournament to tournament. Even if you don’t catch a tagged fish, we’d love to take a picture of your catch for submission to our website and Facebook pages so stop on by.
(2) Present valid fishing permit.
(3) Provide proof of tournament registration.
(3) Sign a W-9 Form prior to receiving prize money. This requires a social security number. One form, per winner, per tournament. Parents may sign for minor children.
Is there a limit to how many fish I can catch?
The daily limit is ten (10) trout per permit holder. This includes the catch of children fishing under a supervising permit holder.
What is and isn't allowed in the Catch-and-Release areas of Raven Ford?
A Special Use Permit and a daily permit is required to fish the designated 2.2 miles of Raven Ford catch-and-release area. The cost of the Special Use Permit is $25 for a 1-3 day, or $75 for an annual permit, along with the purchase of a general (daily) fishing permit. All general fishing regulations apply to the Special Use Permit, as do the following regulations:
- Tackle is limited to fly rods, reels, and line with a maximum of 18 feet of leader material or monofilament line attached.
- Only artificial flies and streamers constructed of natural or synthetic material on a single, barbless hook are permitted.
- Only one single hook fly per line is permitted.
- Fishing with multiple flies attached to a single line (droppers) is permitted.
- Taking of any live fish caught is forbidden.
- The use of any Spin & Bait Casting Rods, Reels, Lures, or Tackle is forbidden.
- The use of any Natural Bait, Fish Bait, or Bait Paste, including Fish Eggs or Derivatives is forbidden.
When are streams stocked?
Regular stocking of streams, rivers and ponds is the responsibility of Cherokee Fisheries and Wildlife Management and occurs on a weekly basis throughout the year. Favorable conditions for stocking exist when water levels and water temperatures support life of the fish.
Stocking adds nearly 250,000 trout to an existing population of fish swimming in our crystal-clear mountain waters. That’s the highest density of fish in stocked waters in the East. These supplemental stockings include rainbow, brook, and brown trout of various sizes ranging up to trophy size.
General Waters - Rod Limitations
There are no rod limitations in generals waters (Catch & Keep).
Live Bait Restrictions
No live minnows.